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Medical Laboratory Technician Books In Urdu


A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are conducted out on clinical specimens to obtain information about the health of a patient to aid in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.[1] Clinical Medical laboratories are an example of applied science, as opposed to research laboratories that focus on basic science, such as found in some academic institutions.




Medical Laboratory Technician Books In Urdu



Medical laboratories vary in size and complexity and so offer a variety of testing services. More comprehensive services can be found in acute-care hospitals and medical centers, where 70% of clinical decisions are based on laboratory testing.[2] Doctors offices and clinics, as well as skilled nursing and long-term care facilities, may have laboratories that provide more basic testing services. Commercial medical laboratories operate as independent businesses and provide testing that is otherwise not provided in other settings due to low test volume or complexity.[3]


In most developed countries, there are two main types of lab processing the majority of medical specimens. Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital, and perform tests on their patients. Private (or community) laboratories receive samples from general practitioners, insurance companies, clinical research sites and other health clinics for analysis. For extremely specialised tests, samples may go to a research laboratory. Some tests involve specimens sent between different labs for uncommon tests. For example, in some cases it may be more cost effective if a particular laboratory specializes in a less common tests, receiving specimens (and payment) from other labs, while sending other specimens to other labs for those tests they do not perform.


Medical Laboratory Departments in some countries are exclusively directed by a specialized Doctor laboratory Science. In others, a consultant, medical or non-medical, may be the head the department. In Europe and some other countries, Clinical Scientists with a Masters level education may be qualified to head the department. Others may have a PhD and can have an exit qualification equivalent to medical staff (e.g., FRCPath in the UK).


Clinical laboratories are supplied by other multinational companies which focus on materials and equipment, which can be used for both scientific research and medical testing. The largest of these is Thermo Fisher Scientific.[25] In 2016, global life sciences instrumentation sales were around $47 billion, not including consumables, software, and services.[25] In general, laboratory equipment includes lab centrifuges, transfection solutions, water purification systems, extraction techniques, gas generators, concentrators and evaporators, fume hoods, incubators, biological safety cabinets, bioreactors and fermenters, microwave-assisted chemistry, lab washers, and shakers and stirrers.[26]


Medical Laboratory Technicians perform complex testing on body fluids using sophisticated instruments to detect diseases and monitor treatment. Approximately 75% of medical decisions, diagnosis, treatment and evaluations, are based on the interpretations of laboratory test results. Medical laboratory technicians might isolate and identify infectious organisms that cause disease, cross-match blood to be used in a transfusion, detect Diabetes or identify the abnormal blood cells that are associated with Leukemia.


Today's Medical Laboratory Technician is employed in many diverse medical settings ranging from hospital, reference, research, forensic, or physicians' office laboratories. Other employment opportunities include working in medical businesses such as medical instrument technicians or medical supply industries. In addition, a graduate using the Associate degree could further their education by obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Clinical Laboratory Science degree in as little as 18 months and then work as a Medical Laboratory Scientist. Some Bachelor Degree Programs can be completed on-line.


You can play a vital role in the healthcare industry as a medical laboratory technician (MLT). Medical laboratory technicians perform, evaluate, and assure the accuracy of laboratory test information and collaborate in patient diagnosis, treatment, and therapy.


If you have an interest in working in a laboratory, are meticulous and have a love for science, laboratory attendant may be an ideal career choice. Also called laboratory technicians, laboratory attendants have a wide array of workplace options. Using technical skills and scientific knowledge, they work in medical clinics, hospitals, government projects, food and beverage companies, and environmental industries.


Laboratory attendants are key players in a laboratory setting. In hospital and medical clinics, laboratory attendances collect and analyze specimens used to diagnose and treat medical conditions and diseases. In environmental and civil service laboratories, laboratory attendants test samples searching for things that may cause harm to animals, humans and the environment. Laboratory attendants are employed by food and beverage companies to test for safety and product quality. Pharmaceutical labs employ laboratory assistants to assist with the coordination of experiments leading to the technical development of new drugs and treatments.


Earning an associate degree as a medical laboratory technician provides you with a strong knowledge base and practical experience to be successful in the field. In addition to general education courses, you learn about immunohematology, microbiology, immunology, fluid analysis, chemistry and molecular diagnostics. After finishing classroom learning, you are immersed in a clinical experience, supervised by a laboratory scientist. After completing your degree, you sit for the Board of Certification Examination of the American Society for Clinical Pathology. To learn about state-specific licensure requirements, check with the department of health. Most employers seek graduates that complete a degree accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.


In the 16th Century, around the start of Scientific Revolution, physicians began to write books on exercise. One of the earliest known books on exercise was Book of Bodily Exercise, written by the Spanish physician Cristobal Mendez. In his book, Mendez discussed benefits, types, and values of exercise, along with common exercises and why they were important to perform. In the 19th Century, some medical textbooks began to include chapters on exercise. The negative effects of lack of exercise, including poor circulation, weakness, and increased likelihood of disease, became more well-known. As the importance of physical activity became more and more important, schools also began to offer physical education classes, which required students to perform exercises for a set period of time each day.


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